Road safety for children on skateboards, scooters and wheeled toys

Any wheeled device on the road is regarded the same as pedestrians under the road rules. This includes skateboards, rollerblades, children’s scooters, pedal cars or tricycles – any wheeled toys.

As well as general pedestrian rules, there are also additional rules that parents should know and ensure that their child not only knows, but understands. Most of the suggestions we outline for walking and road safety as well as bicycle road safety also apply to wheeled toys.

Road safety for children on skateboards, scooters and wheeled toys

Below are some tips for children using a range of wheeled toys and devices near roads.

  • Wheeled devices or toys cannotbe used:
    • on a road with a speed limit of more than 60 km/h
    • on a road with a dividing line or median strip or
    • on a one-way road with more than one marked lane
  • They must keep to the left on footpaths and shared paths and give way to pedestrians.
  • Unless a sign prohibits it, a person on roller blades, roller skates or a similar wheeled device can ride on a bicycle path or separated footpath designed for the use of bicycles, but must give way to any bicyclist.
  • It is an offence (and extremely dangerous) to hold on to a moving vehicle
  • Correct fitting helmets must be worn

Make sure your children know the road rules when they are using a skateboard or scooter or similar device with wheels. This means they are in the best position to prevent any injury to themselves or to others.

Driving test in Vicroads

Pre-drive check
You must be able to start the engine, know where the controls listed below are and know how to use them. If any of these controls don’t work properly your test cannot continue.

  • Indicators
  • Wiper/washer controls
  • Horn
  • Headlights (high and low beam)
  • Hazard lights
  • Demister
  • Handbrake
  • Brake light

During the test you must keep your vehicle’s headlights on low beam, turn off any speed warning devices and turn off the cruise control.

First part – basic driving ability
The first part is designed to assess your safety as a driver in less challenging conditions. You will spend about ten minutes driving then stop the car while the licence test officer calculates your score. If you do anything unsafe, the drive test will be terminated and you will fail. Read more about how your driving is assessed.

The testing officer will give you simple, clear instructions during the test (eg. at the next street, turn right). You must follow their instructions and show that you can drive safely and efficiently. If you’re unsure of an instruction, ask for it to be repeated.

The first part may include:

  • starting and stopping the car
  • left and right at intersections
  • changing lanes
  • reverse parking
  • doing a three point-turn.

Talk to your driving instructor or supervising driver if you’re unsure about how to do these.

Second part – driving on busier roads
If you pass the first part you will progress to the second part. The second part is conducted in busier traffic. It is designed to assess your ability to safely execute normal, day-to-day driving tasks.  It will take about 20 minutes to complete.

The testing officer will give you simple, clear instructions during the test (eg. at the next street, turn right). You must follow their instructions and show that you can drive safely and efficiently. If you’re unsure of an instruction, ask for it to be repeated.

Part two may include:

  • Driving in busy traffic
  • Changing lanes
  • Merging with other traffic
  • Driving on straight and curved roads.

If you do anything unsafe, the drive test will be stopped and you will fail. Read more about how your driving is assessed.

Feedback about your results
The licence testing officer will give you feedback whether you pass or fail. You will be told if there are areas of your driving that need improvement.

If you fail, this feedback could help you in your next attempt. If you didn’t do well on one or two aspects of the test, you will know which areas to focus on and practice before your next attempt.  If you pass, this feedback will help you to become a safer driver.

Causes of failing could include:

Feedback like this suggests that you need more practice. People develop safe driving skills at different rates. Some learners need more practice than others before they are ready for the test.

Holding yourdriving licence after you have turned 75

If you are a Queensland driver licence holder 75 years of age or older, you must only drive while carrying, and driving in accordance with a current Medical Certificate for Motor Vehicle Driver form (F3712). This is mandatory regardless of whether or not you have a medical condition.

If your doctor has recommended conditions for you when driving, your medical certificate must state those conditions. You must abide by these conditions when driving.

Fines apply for driving outside the conditions of your licence.

How long does my medical certificate last?

How long your medical certificate lasts depends on whether you have a medical condition, and how often that condition requires monitoring.

This is a decision that only your doctor can make. A medical certificate may be issued for a few months or for up to five years.

You will still be eligible to apply for a driver licence that lasts for up to five years, regardless of how long your medical certificate is issued for. However, you must ensure you only drive while carrying, and in accordance with a current medical certificate.

Fines apply for driving without holding a current medical certificate and driving outside the conditions of your licence.

Will I be reminded to get a medical certificate?

If you are turning 75 years of age and hold a current licence, you may receive a letter from the department approximately six weeks before your 75th birthday advising you of the need to hold, and carry, a current medical certificate if you wish to continue driving.

When details of your medical certificate are recorded by the department, a reminder is generally forwarded approximately six weeks before the certificate’s expiry date.

However, the reminder is sent as a courtesy and should not be the only source relied upon as a reminder to obtain a new medical certificate.

The review/expiry date should be clearly documented on the medical certificate carried by you while driving.

New driving Instructors

Overview of requirements

To become a driving instructor you must have completed all of the following requirements:

  1. Documents and checks
  2. Tests
  3. Letter of eligibility
  4. Instructor training course
  5. Regulator Final Assessment

Requirements in detail

Documents and checks

  • Driving instructor application (form 239).
  • Pass a medical check (form 239).
  • Pass Police and criminal checks; (forms 1183 & 1184 office use only).
  • Two specimen signatures.
  • Four passport size photographs.

Theory test

  • Pass an extended driver knowledge test on road rules (90 questions).

Practical test

  • Pass a Driving Test with a 95 per cent pass. The driving test must be passed before you will be issued with a letter of eligibility. If the driving test is passed in an automatic vehicle the Driving Instructor licence will have a condition that allows the instructor to only teach in automatic vehicles.
  • A Motorcycle Operator Skill Test (MOST) with a 100 per cent pass.

Letter of eligibility

After all the above documents, checks, theory test and practical test have been completed Roads and Maritime Services will issue you a letter of eligibility. You cannot enrol in an instructor-training course unless you hold a current letter of eligibility.

Instructor-training course

The instructor training standards are nationally agreed and are included in the Australian Quality Training Framework (AQTF).

Car driving instructors must pass the Certificate IV in Transport and Logistics (Road Transport – Car Driving Instruction) TLI41210.

Heavy vehicle driving instructors must pass the Certificate IV in Transport and Logistics (Road Transport – Heavy Vehicle Driving Instruction) TLI41310. HVDI courses equivalent to the Certificate IV in Driving Instruction NSW 91000 will continue to be accepted until 31 December 2009.

Motorcycle riding instructors must pass Roads and Maritime Services Pre-learner rider-training course as a student prior to commencing the instructor training with an approved course provider.

Generally most new driving instructors will take at least six months to complete the required qualifications.

Renewing your licence

In Person
If the renewal notice indicates that you need a new image made and all the details on the renewal notice are correct, you need to take the notice to a Licence Photo Point* or a VicRoads Customer Service Centre and:

  • provide your existing licence as evidence of identity. If your licence is unavailable, you must provide other documentation to prove your identity (see below)
  • pay the licence fee
  • have a new digitalised image made.

* If you renew at a Licence Photo Point, a new image will be made, even if VicRoads holds a recent digitalised image on its database.

You can pay by cash, cheque, EFTPOS or credit card (Visa or Mastercard). However, if you are renewing your driving licence at an agency, please check with them ahead of time to see what payment methods they accept.

If you have a new digitalised image made at a VicRoads Customer Service Centre or at a photo point, you will receive your new licence in about a week.

By Bpay, telephone or mail
If the VicRoads held digitalised image of you is a recent image (the renewal notice will indicate this) and if all the details on your renewal notice are correct, you can renew your licence by Bpay, telephone or mail and you will receive your new licence within five to seven working days.
By Bpay
Call your banking provider and follow the prompts.

By Telephone
Call VicRoads on 1300 554 853  and follow the prompts. This service is available 24 hours a day 7 days a week.

Drivers under 75 years of age
A 10 year licence renewal is automatically issued. However, you can request a 3 year renewal to be issued by calling VicRoads on 13 11 71 or visiting a VicRoads Customer Service Centre.
Drivers 75 years of age or older
If you are 75 years of age or older, VicRoads at its discretion, will only grant a licence for a maximum of three years. At the end of each three year period, the licence will be renewed for a further three years.

Refer to the Driver Licence and Learner Permit fees page for information on the following fees:

  • 10 year licence
  • 3 year licence.

There are no fee concessions available for driver licence fees. However, you may be eligible for a discount under the Driver Reward Scheme

Driving with locusts

Victoria is facing one of the biggest locust plagues in 75 years and locusts can be a road hazard.

The Department of Primary industries (DPI) website has detailed and useful information about the locust plague, including regular situation updates.

The DPI has published information about staying safe when driving through a swarm of locusts.

The information highlights how locusts can affect driving and what to do in those situations.

An important tip is that if you are having trouble seeing the road because of locusts, reduce your speed by slowing down gradually, and if necessary stop where it is safe to do so.


The decision about whether it is safe to continue driving

With improved health care people are living longer and more active lives. This is rewarding for the individual and provides a wealth of knowledge and experience for the community to draw on. Staying active and participating in community life is vital for your health and well being. Access to transport is necessary to staying active. If you don’t drive, it can present real challenges, but it is possible to get around and stay mobile.

The decision about whether it is safe to continue driving
Unlike other states, Victoria’s licensing policy is based on a person’s fitness to drive. There is no retesting for licence renewal based on the age of a driver. People can drive to any age as long as it is safe for them to do so. The decision to reduce or stop driving is often made by the driver. This may be because driving is becoming difficult or stressful, or following advice from a family member, friend or doctor.

Drivers of any age can develop medical conditions that affect their ability to drive safely. These conditions must be reported to VicRoads. Doctors can advise on which conditions need to be reported. Victoria’s licensing system also relies on the community to contact VicRoads about drivers who are considered to be unsafe. In these cases medical reports are requested and driving retests may be conducted. This may result in the licence being suspended or cancelled.

Dealing with the decision
Discovering that you can no longer drive can lead to feelings of loss of freedom and independence. It may also be frustrating and difficult to imagine life without driving. What is important is that you don’t allow the quality of your life to suffer. Explore the full range of options available to you and plan for how you can continue to socialise, maintain hobbies and interests, pay bills and shop.

There may be more than one solution to your transport needs. You may need to use different options depending on where you are going and when you are travelling. Use the information on this page to help you plan your trip. Help and advice is also available from the organisations listed on this page.

Australian road rules

There are many laws governing road users. However, the most important point is that you must drive with care and consideration of other road users. Driving rules you must comply with are provided in the Driver’s Handbook.

Most driving offences are covered by the Road Traffic Act 1961 and in regulations made under this Act – such as the Australian Road Rules 1999.

Discover more about the rules and how they apply to different kinds of roads, vehicles and road users in the reader’s guide.

Visitors to South Australia

Welcome. We want you to enjoy your stay, but more importantly we want you to stay safe.

If you intend to drive in South Australia – make sure you’re driving legally and safely by following these tips:

  1. Check driver’s licence requirements for temporary visitors and new residents.
  2. Remember that we drive on the left-hand side of the road in Australia. If you’re from a country where vehicles are driven on the right-hand side, it can feel strange when driving in Australia.
  3. Take extra care when driving, cycling and walking in Australia.
  4. Practise driving left by using the online hazard perception test provided on the My Licence website.
  5. The default speed limit in urban areas is 50 kph unless otherwise sign posted. The speed limit on most Australian highways is 100 kph; only a few roads allow you to travel at a maximum speed of 110 kph. Police regularly conduct speed checks using speed cameras, radar and lasers along all types of roads.
  6. Wearing a seatbelt is a life or death matter both for you and your passengers. Drivers must ensure that they and any passengers in the vehicle are wearing a seatbelt or child restraint.

Road to Solo Driving handbook

This handbook will help you study for your learner permit and licence tests. It contains important road safety and road law information that will prepare you for safe driving. You may also be interested in reading about the Drive Test.

Availability and cost
Available for purchase from the Victorian Government Bookshop, by calling the Victorian Government Bookshop on 1300 366 356, attending a VicRoads Customer Service Centre, selected newsagencies, some libraries and other retail outlets (cost can vary between retailers). Please refer to Licence publications and products for information on the Road to Solo Driving Handbook fee.

Latest version
The latest version (PDF only) of the English edition of this handbook is dated December 2012. The latest hard copy edition of this handbook is dated September 2012 and includes an addendum notifying the current requirements for evidence of identity.

Languages available
The Road to Solo Driving handbook is available for purchase and to view online in English, Arabic, Chinese (Mandarin), Turkish and Vietnamese.

View the Road to Solo Driving handbook
To make downloading easier, the English, Arabic, Chinese (Mandarin), Turkish and Vietnamese versions of the Road to Solo Driving handbook have each been split up into smaller sections.


Traffic Signals SCATS

SCATS ( S ydney C oordinated A daptive T raffic S ystem) is a sophisticated and dynamic intelligent transport system. SCATS controls more than 3,700 traffic lights across Victoria, including regional areas such as Geelong, Ballarat, Bendigo and Traralgon.

The aim of traffic light coordination is to improve traffic flow and safety for road users. The system is able to manage traffic according to predetermined programs for each individual intersection according to the time of day or day of the week. SCATS can also adapt traffic light timings to manage unexpected conditions and minimise delays caused by events or incidents. TMC staff use SCATS to manually change traffic light cycles for sporting and social events to improve access and traffic flow around major venues.

SCATS is also used to assist with the smooth and reliable operation of the public transport network – in particular trams and buses. Where a tram has priority at an intersection, SCATS will identify when the tram approaches and ensure the traffic light cycle gives the tram priority through the intersection. Over 500 intersections in metropolitan Melbourne have tram priority set in SCATS. At some key intersections SCATS is also used to give buses priority so they can clear the intersection and not delay, or be delayed, by other traffic.